THE WRECK OF THE HAARLEM AND THE ORIGINS OF CAPE TOWN
Dr Bruno Werz FSA, CEO African Institute for Marine & Underwater Research, Exploration & Education (AIMURE)
In 1647 the Dutch East India Company (VOC) ship the Haarlem foundered in Table Bay. Fifty-eight of the crew were repatriated by accompanying ships soon after the incident, but sixty-two men were left behind to salvage as much of the cargo as possible. Upon returning to the Netherlands, the men reported favourably on their experiences. As a result, VOC management decided to establish a much-needed stopover for their ships. This station, known as the ‘Tavern of the Seas’, later developed into the city of Cape Town. The wrecking of Haarlem can thus be regarded as the catalyst that created one of the roots of current multiracial and multicultural South African society. This course draws on archival sources and archaeological surveys in its examination of the background to and consequences of one of the earliest recorded maritime incidents in Table Bay.
1. Europe, Asia and the Cape of Good Hope during the seventeenth century
2. The Dutch East India Company and its ships
3. A brief history of Haarlem and its historical significance
4. Archival material and secondary literature
5. Locating the wreck: archaeological surveys
Werz, B. 2017. The Haarlem Shipwreck (1647): The Origins of Cape Town. Pretoria: Unisa Press.
Werz, B. 2017. ‘In search of the Nieuw Haarlem’ in: Ron Guleij & Gerrit Knaap (eds.). The Dutch East India Company book. W Books/Nationaal Archief, Zwolle.
Werz, Bruno; Steenkamp, Willem & Prowse, Mark 2017. ‘Searching for a symbolic shipwreck in Table Bay: Haarlem (1647).’ South African Journal of Science 113, 9/10.