1059 FIGURE ARTISTS OF THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY
Hilary Hope Guise, artist and professor of art history, Florida State University, London
The human body has been a central feature of art for centuries. In the nineteenth century when social strata were dissolving ‘the nude’ of the Salon de Paris became ‘the naked woman’ of the public park. Manet was the first to break the taboo. He gave the world ‘Olympia’ and ‘Le Déjeuner sur l’Herbe’. Next Degas painted his juvenile ballet dancers, the bodies in motion, and later his steamy ‘tub women’. Toulouse-Lautrec drew on the demi-monde of Paris, his friends Rosa the Red and Jane Avril, the dancers, the can-can girls, the vaudeville and the sad prostitutes. Towards the end of the century Rodin worked in clay, marble and bronze, sculpting his ‘Burghers of Calais’, the head of Pierre de Wissant and the portrait of Honoré de Balzac. This two-lecture course will discuss these figure artists.
1. The shock of the nude in public art
2. From the Folies Bergère to the Gates of Hell