AN AFRICAN SECURITY SITUATION: MOZAMBIQUE IN THE LOCAL, REGIONAL AND GLOBAL SPOTLIGHT
Professor Glen Segell, academic lecturer and researcher
This course examines the security situation in Mozambique which is revelatory of other African states. The lectures commence with a chronological examination from colonial rule, civil war, independence, to a post-conflict/Cold War success story with twenty years of peace and stability. Then a low-intensity conflict re-emerged, aggravated by an Islamist militia group that has gained traction in northern Mozambique. Coupled with flooding and humanitarian disaster it is now one of Africa’s most disarranged countries with human insecurity typified by ungoverned spaces (corruption, poverty, illiteracy, abuse, famine and disease), examined in the second lecture. Linked to political insecurity (centralisation of power and weak governance), it could become a Southern African Islamic State Caliphate where the third lecture examines this as a franchise of Middle East religion and politics. The fourth lecture examines the role of the international/global (United Nations, European Union and super-powers) in tackling the above issues and sustainable development. The final lecture brings ‘it all together’ in the best, worst and most likely scenarios for Mozambique, considering regional implications for the SADC, the AU and South Africa. South Africa is challenged by Mozambique’s extremist and radical politics that could endanger the border game reserves, increase the flow of refugees, and see a rise of fundamentalism and violence.
1. The transition challenges from colonial rule, to independence, through post-Cold War success to Islamic terror
2. Human insecurity: Ungoverned spaces leading to corruption, poverty, illiteracy, abuse, famine, disease
3. Political insecurity from ideology to religion: Communism to Southern African Islamic State Caliphate?
4. The role of the international and the global: United Nations, European Union, and super-powers
5. Best, worst and most likely scenarios for Mozambique, the SADC, the AU and South Africa
Readings can be accessed at: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1hO_4TK5f-qr92UWZTA0h4BhEBSuxSl68?usp=sharing